The Three Nims Guiding Principles are:
Here are three fundamental principles that underpin the NIMS framework:
- Flexibility: NIMS emphasizes flexibility in its approach to incident management. It recognizes that incidents can vary widely in nature, scale, and complexity. NIMS provides a scalable and adaptable structure that can be applied to incidents of any size or type, from minor local incidents to large-scale national emergencies.
- Standardization: NIMS promotes standardization in various aspects of incident management. It establishes common terminology, standardized organizational structures, and consistent processes and procedures. This standardization enables effective coordination and communication among agencies and jurisdictions involved in incident response.
- Collaboration: Collaboration is a central principle of NIMS. It encourages cooperation and coordination among various entities involved in incident management, including federal, state, tribal, and local government agencies, private sector organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and community groups. NIMS fosters a unified and integrated approach to incident response, leveraging all stakeholders’ collective resources and expertise.
While these principles form the foundation of NIMS, it’s important to note that the framework encompasses a broader set of concepts, including incident command system (ICS), resource management, communications and information management, and ongoing planning and preparedness.